Browse Items (499 total)

  • Collection: A. Sheldon Pennoyer Collection

Benevento Cathedral colonnade

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View of ruined basilica from a remaining colonnade of Benevento Cathedral, site of first Christian church in Benevento, dating to the 8th century.

Capua Gate and destroyed bridge

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View of 13th century gate with two flanking towers and remnants of destroyed modern bridge from southeast, taken from across Volturno River.

13th Century pulpit in Fondi

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View of undamaged 13th century pulpit in Saint Peter Apostle in Fondi.

Altarpeice in Fondi

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View of an altarpeice in Saint Peter Apostle, Fondi.

Double exposure of Saint Peter Apostle, Fondi

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Double exposure with interior of Saint Peter Apostle, Fondi and a detail of a pulpit.

Confessional in Saint Peter Apostle, Fondi

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View of damaged confessional in Saint Peter Apostle, Fondi.

Interior of Saint Mary, Fondi

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View of interior of Saint Mary's Church in Fondi with scaffolding, looking toward the apse and altar.

Church interior, Fondi

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View of unidentified church interior in Fondi. Perhaps this is Santa Maria in Piazza?

Interior of church

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Damaged church interior with organ. This image was included with others of Fondi, but Pennoyer captions it differently in an album and on the back of a print. In the album it is described as: Itri - Campanile of Santa Maria. On the back of the print…

Church interior, Fondi

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Negative shows unidentified church interior in Fondi. However, Pennoyer's own caption on a print of this image gives its location as Itri.

Trees at Villa Aldobrandini

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Trees in front of a Villa Aldobrandini in Frascati.

Trees in font of Villa Aldobrandini

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Trees in front of a Villa Aldobrandini in Frascati.

Royal Archives of the State of Naples

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View of hall at the Royal Archives of the State of Naples located in the cloisters of the Church of Santi Severino e Sossio; a note on a print of this negative indicates that the empty shelves contained archives destroyed by the Nazis.

Garden at Villa Aldobrandini

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Trees and garden tower at Villa Aldobrandini.

Damaged façade of Villa Lancellotti

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Damaged façade of the Villa Lancellotti in Frascati, also known as Villa Piccolomini.

Damaged façade of Villa Lancellotti with its owner, Prince Don Lauro Lancellotti, in front, who began to rebuild and restore the Villa immediately after the war.

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View of the damaged south façade of the Villa Lancellotti in Frascati with Prince Don Lauro Lancellotti, by entrance.

Interior damage at Villa Lancellotti

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Damage of tromp l'oeil wall paintings in the interior of the Villa Lancellotti.

Ceiling damage at Villa Lancellotti

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Damage of tromp l'oeil wall paintings and ceiling of the living room in the Villa Lancellotti.

Damaged Villa Lancelloti in Frascati

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View of severely damaged Villa Lancelloti in Frascati. Pennoyer description: demolition of stables caused by burning Nazi ammunition.

Damage at Villa Falconieri

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View of exterior damage at Villa Falconieri, Frascati.

Façade of Villa Falconieri

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View of exterior damage at Villa Falconieri.

Cypress pool at Villa Falconieri

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View of the cypress pool at Villa Falconieri.

Cypress pool at Villa Falconieri

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View of the cypress pool at Villa Falconieri.

Archive storage in Naples

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View of archive storage in the Royal Archives of the State of Naples located in the cloisters of the Church of Santi Severino e Sossio.

Damage at Cathedral of Saint Peter, Frascati

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View looking up at ceiling damage at Cathedral of Saint Peter, Frascati.

Relief in Cathedral of Saint Peter, Frascati

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View of damage in Cathedral of Saint Peter, Frascati, with relief by Pompeo Ferrucci representing Jesus handing over the keys to Saint Peter (1612).

View of Itri

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View of Itri from atop a hill with children in the foreground.

Blossoming trees and damaged farmhouse in Itri

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Landscape with trees, mountains and a country house in Itri; five adults and two children can be seen in and around the damaged house.

Trees and country house in Itri

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View with trees, mountains and damaged country house in Itri; children can be seen in the doorway.

Church of San Angelo in Itri

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Church of San Angelo in Itri

Medieval castle in Itri

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View of the destruction of Itri with the medieval castle above.

Small church in Itri

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Doorway of small church off a piazza in Itri with male figure in right foreground.

Rubble and 12th century bell tower in Itri

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A man with an infant poses in front of the 12th century byzantine bell tower in Itri.

Damaged structure in Itri

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Small alley with damaged church in Itri.

Colonnade and apse of Capua Cathedral

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View onto damaged nave of Capua Cathedral (Cattedrale dei SS. Stefano e Agata) from which two young boys clear rubble.

Church interior

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A church interior in Itri with Baroque ornamentation. Unknown location. image appears with others from Fondi, but Pennoyer caption indicates it may be Itri.

Aisle of St. Francis, Mantua

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View of the destroyed side aisle in church of St. Francis in Mantua, used as an arsenal during World War II.

Ruins of St. Francis of Assisi, Mantua

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View of intact tower and destroyed nave of St. Francis, Mantua.

Detail of interior of St. Francis, Mantua

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View of corner near narthex of St. Francis church in Mantua.

View toward entrance of St. Francis, Mantua

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View of destroyed nave, facing the narthex, of St. Francis church in Mantua.

Church archway in Mantua

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View of a structurally intact archway amdist rubble of St. Francis church in Mantua.

Church archway in Mantua

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View of a structurally intact archway amdist rubble of St. Francis church in Mantua.

Apse of Saint Francis

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View through destroyed apse of St. Francis church in Mantua.

Saint Francis of Assisi, Mantua

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View of St. Francis in Mantua, including undamaged bell tower.

Bramantesque courtyard

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View of renaissance courtyard at the Borromeo Palace.

Medieval sarcophagus in Capua

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View of the side of a medieval sarcophagus in Capua. The sarcophagus is decorated with two crests and central sculptural image of the Virgin Mary and child. Perhaps this is in a church or the museum in Capua?

Courtyard at Borromeo Palace

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View of pointed archways in late-gothic courtyard at Borromeo Palace.

Portinari Chapel

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View of the Portinari Chapel in the Basilica Sant'Eustorgio; shrine of S. Peter Martyr with protective covering.

Damaged structure in Milan

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View showing the roof damage on an oxagonal stone structure in Milan.

Bridge near Milan

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View of damaged railroad bridge and makeshift wooden bridge, likely near Milan.

Bridge near Milan

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View of damaged railroad bridge and makeshift wooden bridge, likely near Milan.

Bridge near Milan

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View of damaged railroad bridge and makeshift wooden bridge, likely near Milan.

Detail of bridge near Milan

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View of damaged railroad bridge, likely near Milan.

Three figures in Orta San Giulio

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View of three figures, two men and one woman, in front of the 16th century town hall in Orta San Giulio. The man on the right has been identified as Lt. Cnd. Perry Blythe Cott.

Destroyed highway bridge

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Destroyed bridge. Capt. Pennoyer captions the print: Highway bridge on auto speedway Kilometer 51. East of Milan near Palazzolo

Unidentified building with damaged roof

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View from above of an unidentified building which has suffered bombing damage. Most likely taken in Milan.

Stele from the Capua Museum

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View of a bas-relief sculpture of saint from the Capua Museum.

Bombing damage in an interior

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View of bombing damage in the interior of a building in or near Milan.

Bombing damage of an interior

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View of bombing damage of the interior of a house in or near Milan.

Bombing damage of an interior

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View of bombing damage of an interior in or near Milan.

Damaged exterior

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View of a damaged façade near Milan. Unknown location, but in or near Milan.

Palazzo Marino interior

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View of damaged interior of 16th century Palazzo Marino.

Debris in Palazzo Marino

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View of damaged interior of 16th century Palazzo Marino with large mound of debris.

View out of windows of Palazzo Marino

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Elevated view from interior of 16th century Palazzo Marino; the Piazza della Scala can be seen through the remains of windows.

Milan Cathedral from Palazzo Marino

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View of Milan Cathedral from Palazzo Marino.

Milan Cathedral from Palazzo Marino

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View of Milan Cathedral from Palazzo Marino; damaged negative.

Air raid damage of Poldi Pezzoli Museum

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View from across the street of damage on corner of Poldi Pezzoli Museum.

Stele from the Capua Museum

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View of a bas-relief sculpture of saint from the Capua Museum.

Damaged façade of Poldi Pezzoli Museum

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View from across the street of façade of Poldi Pezzoli Museum.

Poldi Pezzoli Museum after air raids

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Street view of severely damaged Poldi Pezzoli Museum.

Interior of Poldi Pezzoli Museum after air raids

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Interior view of severely damaged Poldi Pezzoli Museum.

Poldi Pezzoli Museum after air raids

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View of severely damaged Poldi Pezzoli Museum.

Roof of Pinacoteca di Brera

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Corinthian columns on the top floor of the Pinacoteca at the Palazzo di Brera.

Roof of Pinacoteca di Brera

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Corinthian columns on top floor of the Pinacoteca at the Palazzo di Brera.

Storage of books from Deutsches Institute

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Image shows books from the Deutsches Institute stored in the Palazzo di Brera.

Shell hole in roof of Palazzo di Brera

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View of damage in the Palazzo di Brera.

Storage of books from Deutsches Institute

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Image shows books from the Deutsches Institute stored in the Palazzo di Brera.

Shell hole in roof to cellar of Palazzo Brera

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View shows a shell hole in roof of cellar of Palazzo Brera.

Restoration of chapel in Como Cathedral

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View of men working to restore a chapel in Como Cathedral.

Damage at Palazzo Brera

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Interior view of damage at the Palazzo Brera

Shell hole on floor of Palazzo Brera

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Shell hole in Palazzo Brera.

Villa Simonetta façade

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Façade of Villa Simonetta; destruction includes second and third story terraces.

Façade of Palazzo Borromeo

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Street view with three pedestrians and a vehicle; Palazzo Borromeo with its unique pointed arch portal.

Façade of Palazzo Borromeo

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View of the damaged façade of a Palazzo Borromeo with its distinctive portal.

Detail of fresco cycle at Palazzo Borromeo

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Detail of the "ball game" from the so-called "Games of the Borromeo" fresco cycle at the Palazzo Borromeo; 15th century.

Detail of fresco cycle at Palazzo Borromeo

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Detail of the "ball game" from the so-called "Games of the Borromeo" fresco cycle at the Palazzo Borromeo; 15th century.

Detail of fresco cycle at Palazzo Borromeo

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Detail of the "ball game" from the so-called "Games of the Borromeo" fresco cycle at the Palazzo Borromeo; 15th century.

Courtyard at Palazzo Borromeo

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View of the inner courtyard at Palazzo Borromeo.

Interior of Ambrosiana Library

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View of the interior of the Ambrosiana Library, with bookshelves removed.

Restoration in Como Cathedral

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View of restorations to the St. Abbondio altarpiece in Como Cathedral, located to the right of the apse.

Ambrosiana Library

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Priest or monk and uniformed soldier in the the Biblioteca S. Ambrosiana.

Scala Theater

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View of scaffolding and repairs in the auditorium of the Scala Theater.

Scala Opera House restoration

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View looking down over scaffolding and repairs in the auditorium of the Scala Theater.

Backstage at the Scala Opera House

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Three men repairing painted backdrops backstage at the Scala Opera House.

Scene painter's studio, Scala Opera House

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View of set designs in the scene painter's studio at the Scala Opera House.

Storage at the Scala Opera House

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View of set storage backstage at the Scala Opera House.

Backstage, Scala Opera House

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Elevated view of the backstage area of the Scala Opera House.

South wall of Villa Simonetta

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View of damaged wall in courtyard of Villa Simonetta.

Salon of Villa Simonetta

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View of interior damage at the Villa Simonetta

Detail of a painted cornice, Villa Simonetta

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Detail of a painted cornice in a main room at Villa Simonetta.

Painting of Madonna and Child in Como Cathedral

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View from scaffolding of a damaged painting showing madonna and child seated on a throne. The central figures are flanked by putti and tromp l'oeil architectural elements. A textile hangs from scaffolding and the corner of another painting can be…

Chapel, Villa Simonetta

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View of bombing damage at Villa Simonetta.

Ambrosiana Library

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Priest or monk and uniformed soldier in the Biblioteca S. Ambrosiana.

Statue in the Ambrosiana Library

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Overexposed negative showing a statue housed in the Ambrosiana Library.

Apse, San Satiro

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View of Bramante's Tromp l'oeil apse at San Satiro; damage on negative.

Removing brick covering apse, San Satiro

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View of Bramante's Tromp l'oeil apse at San Satiro, from which the protective brick covering is in the process of being removed.

Detail of a fresco

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Detail of a fresco with woman holding round object. This may be Palazzo Silvestri.

Arches at Sforza Castle

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View of one of the courtyards of Sforza Castle.

Sforza Castle

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View of interior courtyard at Sforza Castle.

Roof of the Sforza Castle

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View of damage to the roof of Sforza Castle.

Tower and courtyard of Sforza Castle

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Elevated view of damage of courtyard and rooms of the Sforza Castle; crenallated tower on right.

Elevated view of Benevento Cathedral

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View from above over the remains of Benevento Cathedral, site of the first Christian church in Benevento, dating to the 8th century.

Botticelli's Primavera

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Cropped view of Boticelli's Primavera (ca. 1481-1482) propped against a wall of the Castle Montegufoni.

Tiepolo Frescoes at Dugnani Palace

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Damaged fresco by Tiepolo (c. 1740), located in the Dugnani Palace.

Repairs at Scala Opera Hosue

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View shows men making repairs on the upper level of Scala Opera House.

Roof of the Scala Opera House

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View showing the roof of Scala Opera House.

Damage and Repairs on Roof of Scala Theater

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View of roof damage and repairs in process at the Scala Theater.

Milan Cathedral from Scala Opera House

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View of Milan Cathedral from the roof of the opera house.

Columns at San Carlo al Corso

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View of San Carlo al Corso, highlighting damage to the columns and the side of the building.

Frescoes at Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri

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Detail of damaged Fresco at Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri.

Tromp l'oeil ornament at Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri

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Detail of frescoes at Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri.

Damaged frescoes at Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri

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Detail of frescoes at Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri.

Damaged fresco at Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri

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Detail of frescoes at Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri.

Paintings, from the Uffizi, lined up along walls of the Castle Montegufoni.

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Paintings, from the Uffizi, lined up along walls of the Castle Montegufoni. Central image is "Philip IV" by Velazquez after Peter Paul Rubens. To the right are Giotto's "Ognissanti Madonna" and Uccello's "The Battle of San Romano".

Damaged column at San Carlo al Corso

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View of piazza of San Carlo al Corso; damage to the column dominating the center of the frame.

Vault at Holy Mary of Grace in Milan

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View of repared vault and wall at Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan.

Holy Mary of Grace in Milan

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View looking up toward spandrels attrributed to Donato Bramante (c. 1492) in Santa Maria della Grazie.

Library of Holy Mary of Grace Church

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View of damaged library at Santa Maria delle Grazie.

Beams supporting Holy Mary of Grace

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View of support beams on the exterior of the building housing The Last Supper at Santa Maria delle Grazie.

Paintings outside portico of San Carlo al Corso

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View shows people working outside of San Carlo al Corso in Milan and shows various non-religious paintings (landscapes, still lifes) propped up against the columns of the church.

Damage at San Carlo al Corso

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View shows people working outside of San Carlo al Corso in Milan and shows various non-religious paintings (landscapes, still lifes) propped up against the columns of the church.

Portal of San Babila Church

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View of the portal of San Babila Church, which is located in east Milan.

Portal of San Babila Church

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View of the façade of San Babila Church, which is located in east Milan.

Two-story building in Milan

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Slightly oblique view of the Hospital Maggiore in Milan, showing the protective scaffolding over the windows and frames.

Giotto's Ognissanti Madonna

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Overexposed image of Giotto's "Ognissanti Madonna" (1310). Also visible are Velazquez's portrait of Philip IV after Rubens (left) and Uccello's "The Battle of San Romano" (right).

Façade of Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri

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View of the façade of Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri.

Façade of Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri

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View, looking up, of façade of Palazzo Fontana-Silvestri showing supporting scaffolding.

Courtyard of the Palazzo del Senato

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Grass-filled courtyard of the Palazzo del Senato showing damage and reinforcing columns.

Sculptural fragments

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View shows four sculptural fragments along a wall, which look to be of saints or apostles. Possibly from the exterior of Milan Cathedral?

Damaged building in Milan

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Given the other images on the same film strip this is likely a building in or near Milan.

Damaged building in Milan

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Given the other images on the same film strip this is likely a building in or near Milan.

Bell tower of San Gottardo

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View from street of the 14th century bell tower of San Gottardo, designed by Fracesco Pecorari.

Repairs on the bell tower of San Gottardo

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View of scaffolding covering the top of the bell tower at the 13th century church of San Gottardo in Corto, designed by Francesco Pecorri.

Madonna Enthroned by Fra Angelico, housed in Montegufoni

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Madonna Enthroned by Fra Angelico, housed in Montegufoni.

Repairs at a building in Milan

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View shows three men executing repairs in a building in Milan.

Scaffolding outside building in Milan

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View of scaffolding covering a corner of a building with Baroque elements as it is being repaired. Location unknown but most likely Milan.

Frescoes at Palazzo Dugnani

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View of Tiepolo frescoes at the Palazzo Dugnani.

Monument of Alessandro Manzoni

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Monument of 19th century poet Alessandro Manzoni, located in the piazza in front of the Palazzo Marino; Milan Cathedral can be seen in the background.

Chapel, interior of San Fedele

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View of a a chapel being repaired at San Fedele; chapel dedicated to Saint Ignatius. Painting by Giovanni Battista Crespi covered with protective brick.

Interior of San Fedele

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View, looking slightly up, of nave of San Fedele.

Damaged statues at Milan Cathedral

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View of damaged sculptures laid out on the ground; from Milan Cathedral.

Headless statue from Milan Cathedral

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View of a damaged statue which had been attached to the exterior of the cathedral.

Debris of Milan Cathedral

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View of debris looking west from east façade of Milan Cathedral.

Statues lined up along wall at Milan Cathedral

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View of six statues from the façade of the cathedral on the ground lined up facing the wall.

Portrait of Captain Baker

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Portrait of Captain Baker, according to annotations on one of Pennoyer's film envelopes. Most likely taken in Milan.

Shell damage to the Villa of Poppiano

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View of shell damage to the corner of the Villa of Poppiano

Hanging tapestry

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Photograph showing three men hanging tapestry from Ducal Palace, Manuta in the Palazzo Bocconi; tapestry designed by Raphael shows "St. Paul Preaching".

Bito Coppola and A.S. Pennoyer at the M.F.A.A. office

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Photograph shows Bito Coppola, cultural administrator, with Albert Sheldon Pennoyer. Location of the M.F.A.A. office in Milan unknown at this time.

Bito Coppola at the M.F.A.A. office with A.S. Pennoyer

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Photograph shows Bito Coppola, cultural administrator, with Albert Sheldon Pennoyer. Location of the M.F.A.A. office in Milan unknown at this time.

San Pietro in Gessate

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View of San Pietro in Gesstate church in Milan after it had been bombed in 1943.

Chapel at San Pietro in Gessate

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View of east wall of the church to show the new brick work laid during restoration.

Side aisle at San Pietro in Gessate

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View, looking up, of side aisle damage at San Pietro in Gessate.

San Pietro in Gessate

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View of San Pietro in Gessate nave from the side aisle.

Damaged transcept of San Pietro in Gessate

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View of damage of the transcept looking east.

Conservatory of Music, Milan

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View of damage to the Giuseppe Verdi Conservatory of music.

Conservatory of Music, Milan

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View of damage at the Giuseppe Verdi Conservatory of music, highlighting damage to the roof of the auditorium.

Pontormo's Visitation

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Image shows two men (cropped) holding up Jacopo Pontormo's Visitation (ca. 1528-1529), outside Poppiano castle where the painting was kept for safekeeping.

Conservatory of Music, Milan

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View of damage at the Giuseppe Verdi Conservatory of Music taken from the rear of the auditorium.

Exterior detail of Holy Mary of Grace Church

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View focused on damaged window ornamentation on exterior wall of Holy Mary of Grace (Santa Maria delle Grazie).

Scaffolding at Holy Mary of Grace

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View of scaffolding during repairs at Holy Mary of Grace (Santa Maria delle Grazie).

Interior of Holy Mary of Grace

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View of Holy Mary of Grace (Santa Maria delle Grazie), showing wall damage and a reinforced arch.

Holy Mary of Grace repairs

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View of interior repairs at Holy Mary of Grace (Santa Maria delle Grazie).

Interior Courtyard at Sforza Castle

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View of the interior of a courtyard, called the "Courtyard of Arms" at Sforza Castle.

Interior Courtyard at Sforza Castle

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View of the interior of a courtyard at Sforza Castle with crenallated architectural detail.

Ducal Courtyard at Sforza Castle

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View of portico off the Ducal Courtyard at Sforza Castle.

Portico at Sforza Castle

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Oblique view looking up showing a portico off the Ducal courtyard at Sforza Castle.

Paintings at a church in Milan (Sant'Ambroglio?).

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View of two wall paintings of figures and a cropped image of a larger canvas; the church interior can be seen on the far left of the negative.

Checking storage lists in the Castel Poppiano

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Poppiano - Dr. Castelfranco and Dr. Fasola of the Belli Arte in Florence examining stored pictures.

Dome of Sant'Ambroglio

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View looking up toward a the painted dome showing Saint Ambrose giving a blessing.

Interior of Sant'Ambroglio

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View, looking up, toward the second story in Sant'Ambroglio; the 9th century ciborium can be seen at right.

Interior, view of apse of Sant'Ambroglio

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Blurred image showing damaged chapel interior of Basilica di Sant'Ambroglio.

Exterior view of Sant'Ambroglio in Milan

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View of the exterior of Basilica di Sant'Ambroglio.

Exterior view of Sant'Ambroglio in Milan

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View of the north side of Basilica di Sant'Ambroglio.

Exterior view of Sant'Ambroglio in Milan

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Portal of Basilica di Sant'Ambroglio.

Exterior view of Sant'Ambroglio in Milan

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North side of Basilica di Sant'Ambroglio.

Gate of Sforza Castle

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View through an archway onto courtyard at the Sforza Castle.

San Spirito tower at Sforza Castle

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View of round, rusticated tower at the Sforza Castle.

Outside Sforza Castle

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View of Sforza Castle, showing the tower designed by Filarete on the right and three ambulances close to the building.

Hall with beds at Poppiano Castle

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Hall with makeshift beds in the vestibule at Poppiano Castle, set up as lodging for Australian and New Zealand guards.

Romanesque building in the Cimitero Monumentale

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The Famedio building and a wall with portal showing what appears to be bullet or blast damage.

Baroque courtyard of the Hospital Maggiore

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View of baroque courtyard of the Hospital Maggiore; damage to roof can clearly be seen on the right.

Damage at Hospital Maggiore

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View of damage on two stories of Hospital Maggiore, traditionally called "Ca' grande".

Damage at Hospital Maggiore

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View of damage on two stories of Hospital Maggiore, traditionally called "Ca' grande".

Damaged window of Hospital Maggiore

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View, looking up, at arched windows on the second story of the Hospital Maggiore with wooden supports.

Courtyard of the Palazzo del Senato

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View of the two-story portico courtyard of the Palazzo del Senato showing additional columns to reinforce the structure.

Small chapel

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View of a small chapel with terracotta roof. Exact location unknown but believed to be in Milan.

Small chapel

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View of a small chapel with terracotta roof. Exact location unknown but believed to be in Milan.

Interior of church

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Interior of a church with person praying. Given the images on the rest of the film strip this is likely a church in Milan.

Hospital Maggiore façade

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Damaged Hospital Maggiore with rubble in foreground.

Men examining portable altar

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Dr. Cesare Fasola, the Uffizi librarian, Dr. E. Lavagninio, and others, examine a portable altar painted by Jacopo di Cione around 1360-65. The altar had been stored for safekeeping in the castle at Montegufoni.

Courtyard at Hospital Maggiore

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View from ground level looking up at damaged building at Hospital Maggiore, off of a baroque courtyard.

Approach to Montegufoni

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Approach to Montegufoni with man walking in road.

Destruction of Roman bridge in Capua

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View of the Capua Gate and remains of Roman bridge.

Three crosses

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View of three small crosses lined up along a wall, within the Abbey of Montecassino. The cross on the left from the Abbey of San Vincenzo al Volturno, the middle cross is from the church of S. Pietro e Paolo in Cerro al Volturno, Molise.

Montecassino hallway with damaged storage cabinets and furniture

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View down a hallway with empty display cabinets, chairs and other objects.

German caricature on wall of Montecassino

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Photograph of a wall painting showing a satirical cartoon of a German soldier standing on the abbey at Montecassino calling "Denk'ste!" ("Do you think you can?!") to Winston Churchill.

Benevento Cathedral façade

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View of Benevento Cathedral façade with scaffolding. A wooden barrier separates cathedral from road along which pedestrians walk.

Approach to Montegufoni

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Approach to Montegufoni

Four soldiers in front of a madonna

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Four soldiers sit and stand amid the rubble of the main courtyard at Montecassino in front of a statue of the madonna.

Damaged central courtyard at Montecassino

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Four soldiers sit in the destroyed courtyard of the Montecassino abbey, framed by a headless statue of St. Benedict and a statue of the madonna arranged on a makeshift platform.

Destroyed courtyard at Montecassino

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View through an archway onto damaged central courtyard at the Montecassino Abbey.

Scorched land around Montecassino

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Three soldiers surrounded by scorched land around Montecassino; ruins of the abbey can be seen atop the hill in the background.

Damage at Montecassino

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Elevated view of damage at Montecassino Abbey.

Courtyard damage at Montecassino

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View of rubble in the ruins of the courtyard of Montecassino abbey; three soldiers in the foreground.

Damage at Montecassino

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View of soldiers surveying the ruins at Montecassino abbey.

Detail of mosaic dome at Montecassino

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Detail of the moasic dome in the crypt of Montecassino, with various heraldic images.

Crypt at Montecassino

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View of wall relief and mosaics in the crypt at Montecassino, in which part of the ceiling has caved.

Soldier at entrance to the crypt at Montecassino

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View of a soldier posing near entrance of the crypt at Montecassino.

Destroyed structures at Montecassino

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Slightly elevated view of damage at Montecassino.

Damaged walls at Montecassino abbey

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View of bombing damage at Montecassino abbey.

Madonna statue from Montecassino

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Madonna statue on a makeshift platform with backdrop in the ruins of the central courtyard at Montecassino abbey.

Montecassino ruins with German foxhole

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View looking down into a hole at Montecassino abbey; Pennoyer captions this: Nazi foxhole on Montecassino.

Tanks near Montecassino

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Soldiers and four tanks (two destroyed British personnel carriers and U.S. Sheridan tanks behind them) near Montecassino.

Soldier with tank tracks

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View of soldier standing next to tank tracks.

Three soldiers near Montecassino

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Three soldiers posing near Montecassino.

Damage in Cassino

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Damage in the village of Cassino; Montecassino Abbey visible in the background.

Bombing damage near Montecassino

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View of Montecassino abbey from destroyed village below.

Damaged interior - likely Montecassino Abbey

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View of a bombed interior, perhaps the guest house at the Abbey of Montecassino.

Soldiers and tank in front of Montecassino

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View of four soldiers and a tank in front of the rubble near Montecassino.

Soldiers and tank

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Five soldiers pose against a tank near Montecassino.

San Paolo Maggiore Basilica

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Men surveying damage on San Paolo Maggiore in Naples.

Damaged ceiling, San Paolo Maggiore

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View, looking up, of damaged ceiling over the transept of San Paolo Maggiore.

Scaffolding at San Paolo Maggiore

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View from transept of scaffolding at San Paolo Maggiore.

Scaffolding at San Paolo Maggiore

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17th century fresco by Francesco Solimena at San Paolo Maggiore in Naples.

Interior of Saint Peters, Naples

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Interior view with scaffolding of Church of the Holy Spirit (Santo Spirito) in Naples.

Church interior, Church of the Holy Spirit

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View, looking slightly up, at damage in the Piccolomini Chapel of the church of Saint Anna of Lombardi, also known as Saint Mary of Monte Oliveto.

Interior of San Pietro Martire

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Interior of San Pietro Martire, roof

Saint Peter Martire Church, Naples

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Interior of San Pietro Martire, Naples.

Damage at Sant'Eligio

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Sant'Eligio

Dome at the Basilica of the Most Holy Annunciation

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View looking up at the dome of the Basilica of the Most Holy Annunciation in Naples.

Double exposure of exterior of the Basilica of the Most Holy Annunciation

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Double exposure showing the exterior dome of the Basilica of the Most Holy Annunciation; negative voided with mark at center.

Basilica of the Most Holy Annunciation dome

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Exterior view of the dome at the Basilica of the Most Holy Annunciation.

Dome of Girolamini, Naples

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View looking up at damage to the dome of the Biblioteca Girolamini, Naples.

Exterior dome at Girolamini

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Exterior view of damage of the dome at Girolamini, Naples.

Interior repairs at Biblioteca de Girolamini

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View of scaffolding in the library associated with the church of Girolamini, Naples.

Damaged interior at Sant'Eligio church

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View of damaged interior at Sant'Eligio, Naples.

Repairs on church in Naples

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View, looking up, at three workers making repairs on ceiling of San Giovanni a Carbonara in Naples.

Repairs on church in Naples

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View, looking up, at three workers making repairs on ceiling of San Giovanni a Carbonara in Naples.

Repairs on church in Naples

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View, looking up, at three workers making repairs on ceiling of San Giovanni a Carbonara in Naples.

Architectural detail

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Close up of unidentified sculptural ornament on unidentified building. Perhaps San Giovanni a Carbonara.

Interior of San Giovanni a Carbonara

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View of interior of San Giovanni a Carbonara church in Naples.

Ornamental detail

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Close up of unidentified ornamental detail. Most likely from San Giovanni a Carbonara.

Inscription

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop of Naples.

Inscription relief

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop of Naples.

Inscription relief

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop of Naples.

Ponte alle Grazie

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View from south of rubble of Ponte alle Grazie, destoryed by Nazis.

Inscription relief

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop of Naples.

Inscription relief

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop of Naples.

Inscription relief

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop of Naples.

Gothic tomb

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Unidentified. This appears to be the Tomb of Maria of Hungary in the Santa Maria Donna Regina Vecchia.

Scaffolding in Naples church

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View of scaffolding in an unidentified church in Naples.

Nave of Benevento Cathedral

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Slightly elevated view over nave of damaged Benevento Cathedral.

Nave of Benevento Cathedral

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Slightly elevated view over nave of damaged Benevento Cathedral; overexposed.

Digging out the Tomb of Robert Anjou

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View of workers clearing rubble in front of the tomb of Robert Anjou in the Basilica of Santa Chiara.

Tomb of Robert Anjou

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View of sculptures of the upper part of the tomb of Robert Anjou in the Basilica of Santa Chiara in Naples.

Captain Pennoyer supervising the clearing the tomb of Robert of Anjou

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Captain Pennoyer surveys the clearing of rubble from the tomb of Robert Anjou in the Basilica of Santa Chiara.

Frederick Hartt inspecting building

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Lt. Frederick Hartt, specialist in Italian Renaissance and Baroque art and architecture, inspecting cornice fragment splintered by Nazi shell that struck Giotto's Campanile.

Corner of a fresco

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Corner of a damaged fresco showing a man's leg and column. Building unknown.

Clearing rubble from the Tomb of Robert Anjou

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View showing workers clearing and repairing of the Tomb of Robert Anjou in the Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples.

Clearing rubble from the Tomb of Robert Anjou. Uniformed officer is Major Paul Gardner.

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View showing workers clearing and repairing of the Tomb of Robert Anjou in the Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples; on left a man in uniform and a man in a suit walk toward the upper part of the tomb.

Surveying the tomb of Robert Anjou

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Five men uncovering and surveying damage to the Tomb of Robert Anjou in the Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples.

Surveying the tomb of Robert Anjou

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Three men surveying damage the Tomb of Robert Anjou in the Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples.

Nave of Santa Chiara

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View of nave, looking toward the entrance, of the basilica of Santa Chiara in Naples.

Church interior in Naples

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View of a protected altarpiece in a side chapel of the Church of Gesù Nuovo in Naples.

Worker in church in Naples

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View of a worker, at center, winding a crank in an unidentified church in Naples.

Horse drawn carriage in front a building in Naples

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View of a horse drawn carriage in front of an unidentified building in Naples.

Courtyard with scaffolding

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Elevated view over a courtyard. The archways are filled with brick and have timber supports. Could this be Santa Chiara?

Benevento Cathedral façade and bell tower

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Slightly elevated view of the cathedral façade with scaffolding and edge of the bell tower. Ruins of nearby buildings can be seen beyond the cathedral on the right.

Pumping groundwater outside the Uffizi

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View of groundwater being pumped from the Uffizi Piazza. In background on right can be seen the sculpture of Pier Antonio Micheli. On left, a view of Ponte Vecchio and the arcade of Lugarno degli Archibusieri from the east.

Elevated view of damaged building

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Elevated view of a stucture, which has been preserved by filling its archways with brick and bolstered with timber supoorts. Perhaps this is Santa Chiara.

Destroyed bridge

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View showing damage to a bridge over a road in the countryside with mountains in the background. Unknown location - perhaps near Naples.

Destroyed bridge

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View showing damage to a bridge over a road in the countryside with mountains in the background. Unknown location - perhaps near Naples.

Sun streaming through church windows

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View of a church, looking slightly upward toward the roof, highlighting rays of sunlight coming in through clerestory windows. Unknown location, perhaps near Naples.

Vaulting in a church

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View looking up toward ribbed vaulting in a church with the tip of a sculptural object on the right. Unknown location, perhaps Naples.

Interior of Sant'Eligio

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View of repairs at Sant'Eligio church in Naples.

Repairs at Sant'Eligio

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View, looking up, at damage and repairs at Sant'Eligio.

Repairs at Sant'Eligio

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View, looking up, at damaged ceiling at Sant'Eligio.

Damage at Sant'Eligio

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View of damage at Sant'Eligio.

Damage revealing column base

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Close up view of a column base that was revealed following war damage. Unknown building but most likely Sant'Eligio in Naples.

Pumping groundwater outside the Uffizi

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View of groundwater being pumped from the Uffizi Piazza with a view of Ponte Vecchio and the arcade of Lugarno degli Archibusieri from the east.

Repairs at San Lorenzo Maggiore

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View of temporary wooden beams and damage at San Lorenzo Maggiore in Naples.

Column capital

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Detail of a column capital in unidentified building. Based on the other images on this film, this could be San Lorenzo Maggiore.

Group photograph

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Group photograph in Naples. Several figures remain unidentified; top row left is Cecil Pinset or Ronald Edmond Balfour; top row right is Albert Pennoyer; bottom row far right is potentially Perry Blyth Cott; bottom row second from the right is Dr.…

Detail of sarcophagus

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Voided negative showing detail of sarcophagus, likley at San Lorenzo Maggiore in Naples.

Open sarcophagus

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View of a sarcophagus with lid on the ground. Location unconfirmed but may be San Lorenzo Maggiore.

Sarcophagus detail

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Detial of a sarcophagus. Unknown location but most likely San Lorenzo Maggiore.

Sculpture of saint

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Bas-relief sculpture of saint. This film was included with others of Naples, but may have been taken in Capua.

Mosaic and inlay table

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Mosaic and inlay ornamentation on a table or altar. This film was included with others of Naples, but may have been taken in Capua.

Medieval sculptural fragments

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Two fragments of a damaged medieval relief sculpture. This film was included with others of Naples, but may have been taken in Capua.

Angel sculptures

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View of two small sculptures of angels. This film was included with others of Naples, but may have been taken in Capua.

Destroyed building in Florence

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View of destroyed medieval tower, Borgo San Jacopo, near Ponte Vecchio in Florence after allied bombing. The tower was brought down by bulldozers and cable under the direction of Capt. Cecil Pinsent, M.F.A.A.

Detail of relief ornamentation

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Close up view of scrollwork on XII Century calendar stone, one of twelve in the palace of the archbishop of Naples

Detail of relief ornamentation

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Close up view of scrollwork on XII Century calendar stone, one of twelve in the palace of the archbishop of Naples

Detail of relief ornamentation

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Close up view of scrollwork on XII Century calendar stone, one of twelve in the palace of the archbishop of Naples

Relief inscription

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop in Naples.

Relief inscription

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop in Naples.

Relief inscription

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop in Naples.

Close up of ornamentation on unidentified object

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Close up view of scrollwork on XII Century calendar stone, one of twelve in the palace of the archbishop of Naples.

Relief inscription

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop in Naples.

Relief inscription

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop in Naples.

Relief inscription

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Relief inscription with ornamental details; columns and acanthus. In the palace of the archbishop in Naples.

Collapsing ruins

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View of remains of medieval tower, as it is demolished under the direction of Capt. Cecil Pinsent M.F.A.A., following bombing damage.

Naples Post Office

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View of Post Office Building (c. 1936) in Naples.

Rural bridge

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Rural bridge or aqueduct being surveyed.

Damaged railroad tracks

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Damaged railroad tracks in rural area.

Perugino's Madonna and Child

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View of Perugino's Madonna and Child (1490) framed on a wall, presumably in the Galleria Borghese.

Military Scrapyard

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Scrapyard of military tanks and trucks. Unknown location but possibly near Naples.

Military Scrapyard

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Scrapyard of military tanks and canons. Unknown location but possibly near Naples.

Perugino's Madonna and Child

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View of Perugino's Madonna and Child (1490) framed on a wall, presumably the Galleria Borghese.

Damaged stone bridge

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View showing collapsed stone bridge, with several women with baskets. Unknown location but most likely near Naples.

Stone wall

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Stone wall with several figures. Unknown location but likely near Naples.

View of Lungarno Corsini

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View of bombing damage off of the Piazza Carlo Goldoni in Florence, where the Lungarno Corsini meets the Ponte alla Carraia.

Soldier and young boy

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A soldier shows something on a stone wall to a young boy holding a trowel. Unknown location but likely near Naples.

Sculptural fragments

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Medieval sculptural fragment showing three figures: Christ, kneeling figure in prayer, and an angel. Unknown location but most likely in or near Naples. Although possibly Pisa.

Kneeling figure

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Medieval sculptural fragment showing a kneeling figure in prayer. Unknown location - perhaps Naples or Pisa.

Medieval sculpture

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Cropped view of a medieval sculpture of praying figure. Unknown location. Most likely Naples.

Two medieval sculptures

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Two sculptures, likely tomb lids, showing sleeping figures. Unknown location but most likely Naples.

Nocera Rotonda

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View looking up toward the dome of the 6th century baptistry, Santa Maria Maggiore, also known as the Rotonda.

Rotonda interior, Nocera

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View of the interior of Santa Maria Maggiore, known as the Rotonda, with two figures, a woman and a child.

Architectural details of the Rotonda, Nocera

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View of columns and archways at the 6th century baptistry in Nocera.

Detail of a column base, Nocera

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Detail showing carved ornament on a column base in the 6th century baptistry in Nocera.

Detail of a column base, Nocera

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Detail showing carved ornament on a column base in the 6th century baptistry in Nocera.

Santa Maria dell'Impruneta, interior

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View from the apse of the nave of Santa Maria dell'Impruneta; timber from the damaged roof is piled up in the foreground.

Exterior of Rotonda, Nocera

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Exterior of the 6th century baptistry Santa Maria Maggiore, also known as La Rotonda.

Damaged bridge in Pavia

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View of allied damage to a brick and stone arch bridge over the Ticino River in Pavia, dating from 1354.

Damaged bridge in Pavia

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View of allied damage to a brick and stone arch bridge over the Ticino River in Pavia, dating from 1354.

Damaged bridge in Pavia

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View of allied damage to a brick and stone arch bridge over the Ticino River in Pavia, dating from 1354; Pavia Cathedral visible in the background.

Repairs to frescoes in Pisa

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Image of men on wooden scaffolding working on repairs to frescoes in the Campo santo in Pisa.

Man working on frescoes in Pisa

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Man working on restorations of the frescoes at the Campo santo in Pisa.

Man working on frescoes in Pisa

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Restorer attaching plaster of frescoes loosened by fire.

Man working on frescoes in Pisa

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Man crouching to execute repairs on the frescoes at Campo santo in Pisa.

Damaged frescoes in Pisa

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View of damaged frescoes in Campo santo in Pisa.

Damaged sarcophagus in Pisa

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Damaged stone sarcophagus in the Campo santo in Pisa.

View of Ponte Vecchio with Duomo

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Remains of the gallery between the Pitti Palace and Uffizi on corbels at Via dei Bardi and Via Guiciardini, looking north toward Duomo.

Preparing the temporary roof in the Campo santo

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View of the roof as it is being constructed by the Fifth Army in a hall of the Campo santo in Pisa.

Campo santo interior, east wall

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Baroque details in the Campo santo, Pisa. The building's roof was destroyed by bombing; in the background you can see the dome of Pisa Cathedral.

Campo santo courtyard with Pisa Cathedral

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View of arched windows in the courtyard of the Campo santo with top of the dome of Pisa Cathedral in the background. Pennoyer's notes indicate the pile in the foreground is melted lead from the roof.

Sculptures in the Campo santo

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Sculptures of the east wall of the Campo santo, Pisa.

German and Italian military sign

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A negative worked over with tape to frame a sign in German and Italian that reads: Artistic Monument! Military use forbidden! The German Commander. According to Pennoyer's notes this was posted on an outer wall of the Cathedral of Pisa.

Cinerary urns and sculpture in the Campo santo

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Etruscan cinerary urns and sculpture from the collection at the Campo santo, Pisa.

Temporary roof construction at the Campo santo

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View of the interior of the Campo santo; the original lead roof burned, this temporary roof was constructed under the direction of Deane Keller and the M.F.A.A.

Damaged scultpure, Campo santo

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View of damaged sculpture, surrounded by fragments, in the Campo santo, Pisa.

Damaged scultpure, Campo santo

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View of damaged sculpture, surrounded by fragments, in the Campo santo, Pisa.

Ruins near Pisa

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View of ruins and makeshift bridge near Pisa; rafts appear in the center and left corner.

Damaged shops on Ponte Vecchio

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Damaged buildings along the Ponte Vecchio looking north toward Duomo.

Sculpture and urns in the Campo santo

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Etruscan cinerary urns and sculpture in the Campo santo.

Damaged plaques and frescoes in Campo santo

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View from scaffolding of damaged plaques and frescoes on the walls of the Campo santo in Pisa.

Damaged frescoes in the Campo santo

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Large hole in the fresco "Incredulity of Thomas" in the Campo santo, showing the matting base.

Campo santo interior

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View of the interior of the Campo santo; the temporary roof, which had been destroyed by bombing, covers some of the artifacts and frescoes.

Campo santo interior

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View of the interior of the Campo santo; the wooden temporary roof erected by the Fifth Army to protect the frescoes.

Men examining fragements in the Campo santo

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Three men examining fragments of damage in the Campo santo, Pisa. The central figure is Capt. Deane Keller.

Repairs at the Campo santo

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View of soldiers working on repairs at the Campo santo, Pisa. In Pennoyer's notes: "Construction of roof to protect frescoes."

House of the Vetti

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View of scaffolding and repairs at the site of the House of the Vetti in Pompeii, damaged by allied bombs.

House of the Vetti

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View of scaffolding and repairs at the site of the House of the Vetti in Pompeii, damaged by allied bombs.

House of the Vetti

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View showing figures surveying the site of the House of the Vetti in Pompeii, damaged by allied bombs.

Ponte Santa Trinità from Ponte Vecchio

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View of the St. Trinity Bridge from the Ponte Vecchio.

House of the Vetti

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View of the site of the House of the Vetti in Pompeii, damaged by allied bombs.

State archives of Rome

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View of the Sala Alessandrina in the State Archives of Rome.

Man working in the State Archives of Rome

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View of man working in the Sala Alessandrina in the State Archives of Rome.

Record books in the State Archives of Rome

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Three ledgers relating to the popes Benedict XIII, Clement XII, and Innocent XII lined up against a wall in the State Archives of Rome.

Commendatore Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) posing in the state archives of Rome

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Commendatore Re poses on the upper level of the state archives of Rome, in front of Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza, a 17th century chapel designed by Borromini.

Portrait of Commander Re

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Portrait of an Italian man, Commander Re, Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato, looking toward the camera.

Portrait of Commander Re

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Portrait of an Italian man named Commander Re, according to Pennoyer's notes, looking away from the camera.

Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke

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View of Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and an American named Captain Humphrey Brooke, having a conversation.

Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke

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View of Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and an American named Captain Humphrey Brooke, having a conversation.

Wall repaired by M.F.A.A.

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Episcopal Cemetary wall in Rome repaired under M.F.A.A. direction.

Shops on Ponte Vecchio

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View of damaged shops on Ponte Vecchio. Debris blocks the north approach.

Tomb of Julius II

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View of Saint Peter in Vincoli church in Rome, where the protective covering over the tomb of Julius II (in particular the sculpture of Moses by Michaelangelo) is being removed.

Tomb of Julius II

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View of Saint Peter in Vincoli church in Rome, where the protective covering over the tomb of Julius II (in particular the sculpture of Moses by Michaelangelo) is being removed.

Monterosi church

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San Giuseppe in Monterosi

Monterosi church

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San Giuseppe in Monterosi

Episcopal cemetary wall

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Episcopal cemetary wall which was repaired under M.F.A.A. direction.

Campo de Fiori, Rome

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View of the markert in Campo de Fiori, Rome, with statue of Giordano Bruno in center.

Market on the Campo de Fiori, Rome

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View of the markert in Campo de Fiori, Rome, with statue of Giordano Bruno behind the stalls and fountain and cart in the foreground.

Campo de Fiori market, Rome

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View of market stalls in the Campo de Fiori, Rome.

Market in the Campo de Fiori, Rome

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View of market stalls in the Campo de Fiori, Rome.

Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke in Mussolini's archives

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Negative shoes two men, identified as Commander Re and Captain Humphrey Brooke, viewing documents at the Palazzo Viminale.

Santa Maria dei Miracli

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View of the dome and façade of the late 15th century cathedral of Santa Maria dei Miracoli (Saint Mary of Miracles). The façade is covered with wooden scaffolding.

Damaged building in Florence

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View from below of damaged building (No. 18 Borgo San Jacopo) in Florence.

Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke reading

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Two men, identified as Commander Re and Captain Humphrey Brooke, viewing documents at the Palazzo Viminale.

Shoes in a market stall Rome

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View of a shoe stall in the market in Rome.

Photographic equipment for sale at market in Rome

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View of a market stall selling photographic equipment.

Archives at the Palazzo Viminale

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View of shelves with bound archives in the Palazzo Viminale, Rome.

Men looking at Mussolini's files in Palazzo Viminale

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Two men, identified as Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke, examine a file in Mussolini's archives at the Palazzo Viminale, Rome.

Mussolini's files in Palazzo Viminale

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Two men, identified as Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke, examine a file in Mussolini's archives at the Palazzo Viminale, Rome.

Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke in the Palazzo Viminale

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Commander Re and Captain Humphrey Brooke in Mussolini's archives at the Palazzo Viminale, Rome.

Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke viewing the card catalog in the Palazzo Viminale

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Commander Re and Captain Humphrey Brooke with the card catalog of Mussolini's archives at the Palazzo Viminale, Rome.

Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke viewing the card catalog in the Palazzo Viminale

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Commander Re and Captain Humphrey Brooke with the card catalog of Mussolini's archives at the Palazzo Viminale, Rome.

Table of unclassified books in Mussolini's archives

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View from above showing two men, identified as Commander Re and Captain Humphrey Brooke, before a table of books in Mussolini's archives in the Palazzo Viminale.

Destroyed Ponte alle Grazie bridge

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View of destroyed Ponte alle Grazie from the Lungarno Benvenuto Cellini. Tower of Santa Croce can be seen in the background. The bridge had been destroyed by retreating German troops and was not reconstructed following the end of the war.

Elevated view of unclassified books in Mussolini's archives

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View from above showing two men, identified as Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke, before a table of books in Mussolini's archives in the Palazzo Viminale.

Elevated view of unclassified books in Mussolini's archives

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View from above showing two men, identified as Commander Re (Director of the Real' Archivio di Stato) and Captain Humphrey Brooke, before a table of books in Mussolini's archives in the Palazzo Viminale; out of focus.

Landscape outside of Rome

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Landscape with cyprus and wisteria trees near Rome.

Temporary train tracks

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Elevated view of temporary train tracks in a rural area, likely near Rome.

Rural chapel

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View of small rural chapel, likely outside of Rome. Perhaps near Rimini.

Damaged train station, Rimini

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View of destroyed train station in Rimini.

Ponte Santa Trinità

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Ponte Santa Trinità with temporary Bailey bridge.

Damaged building

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View of an unidentified building, with three figures sitting in front. Most likely in or near Rome or Rimini given the other images on same film.

Damaged railroad tracks

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View of warped railroad tracks. Most likely in or near Rome or Rimini given the other images on same film.

Damaged church

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Unidentified damaged church. Unknown location but most likely in or near Rome or Rimini given the other images on same film.

Train yard

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View of a train yard. Most likely in or near Rome.

Allied Commission Headquarters, Rome

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Façade of Allied Commission Headquarters, Rome. Address of this building is currently unknown.

Museo delle Navi interior

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Damaged interior of the Museo delle Navi, showing remains of scaffolding holding the famous ancient Nemi ships.

Four men with nails of Nemi ships.

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Four men, three standing and one squatting holding up a nail from the ancient ships of Nemi.

Man sitting on pile of nails. All that remains of the ancient ships of Nemi.

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Man sitting on a pile of hand-forged nails - all that remains of the ancient Nemi ships.

Damaged roof of Velletri Cathedral

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View looking up to damage on the ceiling of Velletri Cathedral; Velletri had been the site of fighting in May 1944.

Velletri Cathedral

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View of damaged Velletri Cathedral looking toward apse.

People gathered in Piazza degli Uffizi

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Adults and children, plus three vehicles, in the Piazza degli Uffizi. Some people aid in pumping water on right. Pennoyer caption: Populace seeking water from reservoirs in colonnade of Ufizzi Gallery

Nave of Velletri Cathedral

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View of wet ground in the nave of Velletri Cathedral, which was damaged during fighting there in May 1944.

Damaged choir stalls in Velletri Cathedral

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View of an officer posing with choir stalls in Velletri Cathedral, which was damaged during fighting there in May 1944.

Velletri Cathedral roof

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View of roof damage over the nave of Velletri Cathedral, which was damaged during fighting there in May 1944.

Fresco showing the Battle of Velletri

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Fresco in Velletri, likely showing the 1744 Battle of Velletri, during the War of Austrian Succession. Building remains unidentified.

Detail of fresco showing the Battle of Velletri

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Fresco in Velletri, likely showing the 1744 Battle of Velletri, during the War of Austrian Succession. Building remains unidentified.

Detail of fresco showing the Battle of Velletri

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Fresco in Velletri, likely showing the 1744 Battle of Velletri, during the War of Austrian Succession. Building remains unidentified.

Detail of fresco showing the Battle of Velletri

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Fresco in Velletri, likely showing the 1744 Battle of Velletri, during the War of Austrian Succession. Building remains unidentified.

Bombing damage in Verona

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View of damage to unidentified building in Verona. Exact address unknown.

San Zeno Maggiore column

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View of a column of Basilica di San Zeno Maggiore in Verona protected by sandbags.

San Zeno Maggiore column

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View of a column of Basilica di San Zeno Maggiore in Verona protected by sandbags.

Damage along the Arno

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Elevated view of Ponte Vecchio and damage along the Arno from the northeast. The negative has been damaged, apparently purposefully, with horizontal scratch marks.

Scaligero Bridge

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View from another bridge showing the destroyed Scaligeo Bridge, which originally led to the Castelvecchio in Verona.

Canossa Palace

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View of Canossa Palace, damaged during fighing in Verona, from across the Adige River.

Castle and damaged Scaligero Bridge

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View from banks of the Adige of the destroyed Scaligero Bridge and fortification in Verona.

Bathers near Scaligero Bridge

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Three bathers and two clothed figures on the banks of the Adige near the damaged Scaligero Bridge.

Damged Scaligero Bridge

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View of the destroyed Scaligero Bridge and Castelvecchio in Verona.

Interior, naval museum at Nemi

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Remains of the ancient barges excavated at Nemi.

Interior, naval museum at Nemi

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Remains of small landing boat that had been excavated with the barges on display at the Naval Museum at Nemi.

San Lorenzo

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Interior of San Lorenzo with scaffolding.

Lt. Cdr. Perry Blythe Cott, USNR

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Portrait of a Lt. Cdr. Cott looking away from the camera. May have been taken in Rome.

Lt. Cdr. Cott posing for the camera

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Believed to be Lt. Cdr. Perry Blythe Cott, USNR. Cott earned his B.A. and Ph.D. from Princeton and went on to an illustrious career in museum administration and curatorship at the Worcester Art Museum and the National Gallery of Art in Washington,…

Interior near Palazzo Vecchio

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View of a damaged interior on the second floor a building near the Palazzo Vecchio, which can be seen through the window. Pennoyer notes that a shell has pierced the floor and landed in the street below.

Soldier in a church interior

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View of a soldier, believed to be Lt. Cdr. Perry Blythe Cott, standing in the a stream of light from a narrow window in a dark church interior. Unknown location but most likely Rome.

Bombed building with chandeliers

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View of a damaged, unidentified, building; two chandeliers still hang from the rafters.

Sarcophagus lid and and side

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Lid of sarcophagus and one side mounted to a wall. Unknown location but believed to be Capua, perhaps in the museum.

Detail of a sarcophagus

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Close up detail of a sarcophagus. Unknown location but believed to be Capua, perhaps in the museum.

Detail of a sarcophagus

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Detail of a sarcophagus. Unknown location but believed to be Capua, perhaps in the museum.

Detail of a sarcophagus

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Detail of a sarcophagus. Unknown location but believed to be Capua, perhaps in the museum.

Detail of Sarcophagus

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Detail of sarcophagus. Unknown location but believed to be Capua, perhaps in the museum.

Detail of ornamentation

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Detail of ornamental carving and inscription.

Stone altar

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Stone altar or tomb with early Christian carvings.

Inlay detail

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Detail of an inlay design on an unidentified object.

View from above of Ponte Vecchio

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Elevated view from the Palazzo Uffizi of the Ponte Vecchio, Santa Trinita and Carraia bridges in distance.

Ornamental detail

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Detail of an architectural ornament showing a grotesque bird figure.

Damaged bank of the Arno

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View from north bank of the Arno of substantial bombing damage.

Damage on the Arno

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View of damage along the Arno.

Damage near Ponte Vecchio

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View of bombing damage along Arno, looking toward the Ponte Vecchio and the Palazzo Vecchio from the southwest.

Convent of Saint Francis of Assisi tower

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View of tower from interior courtyard of the convent of Saint Francis of Assisi, Brescia.

View from south bank of the Arno

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View of bombing damage from the Borgo San Jacopo; Florence Cathedral and Palazzo Vecchio can be seen in the distance.

Woman sitting in the rubble

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View of Ponte Vecchio from southeast, showing a lone woman sitting on a bundle amidst the rubble; in the background Florentines continue to excavate books and manuscripts from the ruins of the Colombaria Collection.

Borgo San Jacobo in Florence

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Bombing damage from southeast of the Ponte Vecchio along the Borgo San Jacobo with tower of the Palazzo Vecchio in the background. The medieval Torre dei Mannelli substantially less damaged than its surroundings.

Ponte alle Grazie, Florence

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Slightly elevated view of the destroyed Ponte alle Grazie, with uniformed soldier walking along bank of the Arno. The bridge had been destroyed by retreating German troops.

Baroque palace

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View of an unidentified baroque palace and garden, likely near Florence.

Ruins of the Torre dei Mannelli and Ponte Vecchio

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View showing the Torre dei Mannelli, with the remains of its gallery between the Pitti Palace and Ufizzi on corbels, located off the south end of the Ponte Vecchio; the tower of Palazzo Vecchio can be seen in distance.

View of Florence

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Elevated view from south of Florence, including Duomo. Damaged neegative.

Elevated view of damage along Arno

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Elevated view of damage along Arno with Ponte Santa Trinita right.

Elevated view of Holy Trinity Bridge

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Elevated view of Arno and Ponte Santa Trinita and the Ponte alle Grazie just beyond; negative is damaged.

Men examining salvaged documents from Colombaria Society

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Two men examine the archives of the Colombaria Society, temporarily stored at the Palazzo Mozzo Bardini. On August 3, 1944 the library and museum of the Colombaria Society were destroyed, but many records survived.

Portal door

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View of an open portal and street view with two byciclists in Brescia.

Men examining archives of Colombaria Society

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Two men examine the archives of the Colombaria Society, temporarily stored at the Palazzo Mozzo Bardini. On August 3, 1944 the library and museum of the Colombaria Society were destroyed, but many records survived.

Men examining archives of Colombaria Society

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Two men examine the archives of the Colombaria Society, temporarily stored at the Palazzo Mozzo Bardini. On August 3, 1944 the library and museum of the Colombaria Society were destroyed, but many records survived.

Clearing rubble along Lungarno Torrigiani

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View of soldiers and Florentines clearing rubble on the Lungarno Torrigiani near the Ponte Vecchio.

Clearing damage near Ponte Vecchio

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View of Florentines clearing rubble along the bank of the Arno River and excavating books and manuscripts among the ruins of the Colombaria Collection.

Excavations along the Arno

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Elevated view of people excavating the site of the Colombaria Collection.

Excavations along the Arno

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Excavating the site of the Colombaria Collection.

Clearing rubble along Arno

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Elevated view from the west of people clearing rubble along the north bank of the Arno River.

Loading works stored at the Castello di Poppiano

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Artworks being returned to the Belli Arte in Florence from Castello di Poppiano.

Loading works stored at the Castello Poppiano

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Men from the Accademia de Belle Arti loading artworks stored in the Castello Poppiano to return to Florence.

Loading works stored at the Castello di Montegufoni

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Men loading artworks stored at Castello di Montegufoni to return to Florence.

Destroyed church in Brescia

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View of an unidentified church in Brescia, severely damaged.

Loading paintings at the Castello di Montegufoni

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Returning church panels and pictures to the Belli Arte in Florence.

Loading paintings stored at Castello di Montegufoni

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Returning church panels and paintings stored at Castello di Montegufoni to the Belli Arte in Florence.

Paintings stored at Castello di Montegufoni

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Artworks from various Florentine museums lined up along hall at the Castello di Montegufoni.

Painting storage at Castello di Montegufoni

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Painting storage of such masterpieces as Pope by Lorenzo di Nicolo, San Lorenzo by Zanobio Strozzi, Annunciation by School of Filippo Lippi, the Vision of S. Bernardo (Triptych), and in the background the Tree of Crucificion by Pacino di Buonguido at…

View of Castello di Montegufoni

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View of Castello di Montegufoni from town. Pennoyer's caption: "Montegufoni, Sir Robert Sitwell's hill top villa, about 15 miles south of Florence, housed hundreds of paintings from Pitti Palace, Uffizi Gallery, and churches of the city. Fine Arts…

View of Castello di Montegufoni

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View of Castello di Montegufoni from town.

Portal at Castello di Montegufoni

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Portal at Castello di Montegufoni.

Paintings at the Castello di Montegufoni

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Artworks from various Florentine museums (including Sabastiano Mainardi's Saints Stephen, James, and Peter from the Accademia) lined up along hall at the Castello di Montegufoni.

Paintings at the Castello di Montegufoni

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Artworks from various Florentine museums (including Sabastiano Mainardi's Saints Stephen, James, and Peter from the Accademia) lined up along hall at the Castello di Montegufoni.

Paintings at the Castello di Montegufoni

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Artworks from various Florentine museums lined up along hall at the Castello di Montegufoni.

Destruction of Roman bridge and towers, Capua

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View of 13th century gate with two flanking towers and Roman bridge from southwest, taken from across Volturno River.

Choir in church of Saint Mary in Fondi

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Destroyed choir stalls in Santa Maria Assunta, also known as Santa Maria in Piazza, in Fondi.

Choir stalls in church of Saint Mary in Fondi

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Destroyed choir stalls in Santa Maria Assunta, also known as Santa Maria in Piazza, in Fondi.

Men dining in doorway of Church of Saint Mary in Fondi

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A view of the façade of San Bartolomeo, where a group of men are dining at a table near the portal; two children appear in foreground on left.

Entrance of Saint Domenico Church, Fondi

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View of entrance to San Domenico in Fondi.

Saint Domenico Church, Fondi

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View of courtyard of San Domenico in Fondi.

Façade of Saint Mary Assunta, Fondi

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View of façade and rubble in front of Santa Maria in Assunta church, or Santa Maria in Piazza, in Fondi.

Saint Francis church, Fondi

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A view of damage to San Francesco church, where children play in the foreground.

Fondi Castle

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View of Fondi Castle from the road with pedestrians walking and a horse-drawn cart in the foreground.

13th Century pulpit Saint Peter Apostle

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View of undamaged 13th century pulpit in Saint Peter Apostle in Fondi.

Damaged interior of Saint Peter's church, Fondi

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Severely damaged interior with scaffolding of Saint Peter Apostle in Fondi.